Summative Assessment: 14/12/18

Artist Statement

After being vegetarian for six years, I have recently turned vegan. have always liked to explore contemporary subjects in the news today. I have created work in the past that has created awareness of society, religion, and now, ‘veganism’. My work explores the meat industry, the dairy industry and the egg industry (factory farming). I have also been focusing on honey, as many people don’t know that honey is not vegan and how it is cruel to the bees. Veganism is a subject is something I am completely passionate about, I don’t think enough people know the suffering animals have to endure.

My artwork consists of collages with sarcastic slogans, inspired by Barbara Kruger, and small hand-made books which discuss the story of the animals suffering in factory farms with the audience. I use watercolour and a fine liner to create images in my books. As a female and a feminist, I feel it is important to highlight the suffering of the female animals in factory farming. I think artwork about these topics should have a light side, maybe a small amount of humour to get people to view it with an open mind. However, it will still show viewers what is going on in the animal agriculture system and hopefully make them think about eating a burger, or drinking a glass of milk.



Making paper books

Dairy Farming book


Barbara Kruger

Ruby Roth

Laura Klinke



Dairy Farming book

I have started making a paper book based on dairy-farming. The book is only 3 double pages long. It explains what happens with dairy farming. I have made up the text and planned what I would say on each page, in a way people can understand and feel sympathy. I want to make a series of these books based on the dairy industry, egg industry and honey bee farming.

I watched this video which inspired me to make a short book, just like the short video. 

I have used images from the video linked above and images from books to create the watercolour paintings within the book.

Front cover: I wanted to make the viewer connect with the story and the cow by naming the cow, as it is putting a name to the victim. Screen Shot 2018-12-14 at 11.50.37.png

1st double page: Introducing Jenny and giving a back story. I have painted Jenny pregnant. Screen Shot 2018-12-14 at 11.50.44

2nd double page: The text celebrates the pregnancy, then tells the story of what is going to happen to the day old male calf. The image is of a slaughter truck taking the calf away, and Jenny crying after him. Screen Shot 2018-12-14 at 11.50.51

3rd double page: This shows Jenny and her udders attached to a milking machine. I have tried to be as brief as I can as I don’t want loads of writing. However, it has been difficult as I think the whole book is quite messy, I am looking at trying to shorten the sentences a lot, and reviewing what is necessary. Screen Shot 2018-12-14 at 11.51.01

The final image shows the end result of Jenny. A packet of beef mince meat.

This little book was only an experiment but I have really enjoyed making it and think a series of them will look good. I need to make it bigger/ experiment with more folds and possibly make a concertina book.

The paintings could be neater and the pages are quite dirty. I need to be more careful with my work and also think about end products, such as the font and writing. Or if I want to add collage in the book, or a pop up book.

Making paper books

Last year, I attended a book binding workshop with Tom Martin. He showed me how to make quick net folds out of A4 pieces of paper. They were simple folds and slices in pieces of paper but it made a leaflet style book. I revisited these skills and documentation from last year to make the books again.  I am thinking of making simple books based on factory farming for the exhibition, I wanted to make these for a mock-up of how I would make a book.

These are very easy to make, and will be effective for people to read as they are mostly only 4 double pages long. This will be short enough for people to read and get a quick understanding of animal agriculture.





These collages are made from photographs I have taken, magazine images and images from the internet. The slogans are ones I’ve thought of myself, inspired by Barbara Kruger. I have used black fine liner to write the slogans.

These collages aim to highlight the factory farming and the bee farming. My intentions of these collages were to be sarcastic, and humorous. I wanted the viewer to read the slogan and understand how the animals feel, it is an effective way to show people the cruelty these animals have to endure.

When I made the first collage, I wanted to use these collages to show how the female cows in the dairy industry, and the female hens in the egg industry are treated. I feel they are treated much worse than the males. Males get slaughtered. The female animals are forced to get pregnant, have their babies taken away and kept in unsuitable environments, and then, if the suffering of this was not enough, they then get slaughtered.

I have also made collages to show the conditions pigs and bees are kept in. Many people still don’t know honey is not vegan.

I love making these collages as it forces the viewer to think about these issues, but in a way that isn’t too ‘protest’ like, they aren’t too upsetting.

My next step is to make these collages much bigger, and add more media in the work, such as paint or screen print.

Professional Development Lecture 11/12/18

James Green- Degree Show Proposal planning

Unfortunately, I missed half of this lecture as I was in a tutorial, however, the rest of the lecture was useful.

James explained about exhibiting a book. How would I exhibit a book? Would I put a table and chair there? What table and chair would I use? Would I use a plinth? Does this make the work look ‘too precious’ and un-inviting? Would I provide white gloves?

All of these things need to be considered in my proposal. If I used a table and chair, that would all be part of the exhibition.

I also need to consider the costing and if I need any special equipment. All of this needs to be added and considered in the proposal.

Ethics needs to be considered too.

If I want to use an image of children under the age of 18, even if they are related, this would need to be approved. If I was using bodily fluids, this needs approval. If I took a photograph out shopping of members of the public, this would need approval, also I would need to blur their faces.

I need to think about the space I need and the amount of work I will make, will I need a dark space? A wall? How big?

The proposal should be about 300 words long, and it would be useful to make a diagram to show what I am thinking of doing for my degree show exhibition.

Jonathan Horowitz

Horowitz stopped eating meat at the age of 12, after his parents took him to a bullfight when on holiday in Mexico. His Go Vegan! (2010) exhibition at a former New York meat-packing plant, LaFrieda Meats, aims to normalise the idea of meat-free living. Screen Shot 2018-12-05 at 20.58.18.png

The posters outside were the reason I looked into this artwork. The slogans and images draw me in and make me think about how we differentiate animals and their worth.

(200 Celebrity Vegetarian portraits (top left). Pig, Beef and Poultry portraits)

It is a clever way to use an old meat-packing plant, making awareness of the victims who were killed for food.

The animal portraits, next to the tiles with poultry, beef and pork, shows the animals when they were alive next to the names given to them when they are packaged on the supermarket shelves. This puts a face to the pre packaged food that we are so used to seeing, a clever tactic.


The first image (left) shows a painted door, a family eating chicken with ‘American gothic’ painted on-top. The plinth has a bowl of water with a block of tofu submerged. An odd thing to feature, but maybe to highlight a protein source on a vegan diet? The second image shows a video of a suffering pig being slaughtered.

This is a very busy installation but it makes the viewer think, and shows the process of the animals last moments in life, all the way up to being packaged as the exhibition is held in a retired meat-packing plant.

The posters on the building outside cleverly highlight veganism and makes people think, something I want to achieve in my artwork. This was the reason I looked at Horowitz, as I want to use slogans in my work, however, the rest of the exhibition is so detailed and thought-provoking.



Ruby Roth

Ruby Roth is an author and artist. Ruby is vegan, and started to write her book, ‘That’s why we don’t eat animals’, whilst teaching art at an elementary school (primary school UK). Roth talks about how the children would ask her why she is vegan and would want to talk about veganism. She explains that she realised there was no book on veganism for children. Roth has made 4 books.

Roth’s book, ‘That’s why we don’t eat animals’, focuses on the emotional lives of animals. It looks at factory farming, oceans, rainforests and endangered species and the environment. It bridges a gap between animals that the children love and have as pets, and the animals that end up on plates.

‘V is for Vegan’ is an alphabet book, that teaches children the ‘ABC’s’ of a compassionate, vegan, lifestyle. I think this book is such a good idea as it highlights the issues. There has been a lot of anger towards these books though, as people think they are too graphic and children are too sensitive to learn about these subjects. I slightly agree, however, the children in the video ( want to learn and help the animals. I think adults don’t know what happens to the animals themselves so to learn about the horrific events, through a children’s book might be the reason for the terror.

Making a book is actually an idea I have been considering. I would not want the book to be the final piece, but it would be a good idea to have a book explaining what happens to the animals instead of just having a blunt slogan. I probably wouldn’t make my book so children friendly, but its inspiring to see how Roth illustrates a typical factory farm, for example. I would also add text explaining what was happening in the image.

Roth has also written and illustrated ‘Vegan is Love’, and ‘The Help Yourself Cookbook For Kids’.