Key Concept: Beauty

Beauty is an abstract concept (as is redness). We cannot isolate the beauty of an object in the same way as we can isolate redness.  It is easy to point to something beautiful, but almost impossible to say what its beauty consists of. Leads to the suspicion of beauty. Beauty= Prettiness.

People could say it’s pretty, delicate, but they aren’t deep meanings. Beauty= Superficial.

Damien Hirst, Beautiful, Leeds United 3-0 If It’s Gotta Hole In It Painting (the Vortex of Youth (1999)Screen Shot 2018-03-03 at 11.29.42.png

Created ‘beautiful’ work by squirting paint on a spinning disk to create art work.

Beauty= Kitsch

Jeff Koons, Large Vase of FlowersScreen Shot 2018-03-03 at 11.57.47

I think this is a clever piece of artwork because as a culture this is what we think is beautiful, but it is a representation of flowers.


  • Prettiness
  • Superficial
  • Kitsch

Beauty is meaningless, secondary manner

Beauty= seduction

Ai Wei Wei, Straight, 2003- 12Screen Shot 2018-03-03 at 11.58.40

Straightening of reinforcing rods becomes a memorial to the children who were killed in the earthquake. It seduces you into the work, the beauty is being interested in the work and seduces you to want to know more about it.

Beauty= Deception

The Kill, Andre Masson, 1944Screen Shot 2018-03-03 at 11.59.53

Beauty= Cover for Political manipulation

Screen Shot 2018-03-03 at 12.01.03Igor Babailor, George W. Bush, 2002

Backdrop looks amazing, made to believe he’s a better president than he actually is, traditional, the painting lies.


  • Seduction
  • Deception
  • Cover for political manipulation

Beauty= alibi for hidden meaning

Is Beauty Objective or Subjective?

Beauty belongs to the object, not my perception of it.

If beauty is objective, then I ought to be able to isolate the beautiful element= the way it curves.

Subjective= the nature of the object is irrelevant.

Is it possible to identify an objective standard of beauty?

Mathematician- Marquardt maskScreen Shot 2018-03-03 at 12.01.37

Tried to create a mask to decide if someone is beautiful, uses the golden ratio

In this test, the Marquardt decided a white female and a white male was the most beautiful. Is it a coincidence that no other race was chosen to be most beautiful, racist?Screen Shot 2018-03-04 at 17.00.59.png

The Marquardt mask and the composite photo tell us more about cultural prejudices and stereotypes than they do about facial beauty.

Could there be an objective standard for the beauty of dog ‘turds’? Screen Shot 2018-03-04 at 17.11.07

We notice beautiful people, why can’t it be the same for dog faeces?

Immanuel Kant 1724- 1804

Critique of judgement. Beauty is a form of liking. Are all forms of liking the same?


According to Kant, if 2 people disagree about whether something is beautiful or not, it means that 1, or both of them is not being truly disinterested.

Is it possible to look at this poster disinterestedly? We should be impelled to not like it, the context shouldn’t matter in a poster like this.

Screen Shot 2018-03-05 at 16.11.38.png

Kant’s claims are that if we call something beautiful, we expect others to agree with us even if we know in practice that this often does not happen. He is thinking about ideal conditions rather than day-to-day realities.


Cut and Paste week 3: Thursday

Robert Raushenberg 

In today’s lesson we watched a documentary on Robert Rauschenberg’s life and artworks. It was very interesting, the documentary showed that Raushenburg collaged anything together in artworks called ‘combines’. An example of this is Paint Cans, 1954.

Screen Shot 2017-12-05 at 10.43.00.png
Robert Rauschenberg, Paint Cans, 1954

As you can see in the image, Rauschenberg collaged anything together. This collage features old paint cans and paint on top. It is interesting to see a collage that isn’t just paper on paper.

More of Rauschenberg’s combines below.

Louisa Chambers

Screen Shot 2017-12-05 at 11.01.23Louisa Chambers creates artwork that focuses on how a folded shape can be transfigured from a 3 dimensional structure into a flat 2 dimensional painting. Each form is squashed, folded, opened, twisted and then recorded from observation.

The outcomes look like a collage as there are lots of colours and shapes.

Dexter Dalwood

Screen Shot 2017-12-05 at 11.14.18

Dexter Dagwood’s work depict ‘imagined and constructed interiors or landscapes’. They are usually devoid figures that act as memorials or descriptions of historical people, places or moments.

“They range in subject from major political events like The Death of David Kelly 2008 or The Birth of the UN 2003, to imagined places that are marked by some traumatic history or event, or which have simply become lodged in our collective cultural unconscious; these include Sharon Tate’s House 1998, Neverland 1999, Greenham Common 2008 and Camp David 1999.”

Dalwood’s paintings start out as small collages made from cutting magazine pages and art history.

Jonas Wood

Screen Shot 2017-12-05 at 11.46.55

Jonas Wood creates collages painted on the side of buildings, this painting is called Still Life with Two Owls (MOCA) and was created in 2016. It is still an ongoing piece of work and is at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles. I’m drawn to the scale and the colours in this artwork. I would love to be involved in creating a building artwork sometime.

Cut and Paste week 2 Thursday


Today we learnt about narrative used in collage. A few artists who were mentioned are Max Ernst, Martha Rosler and Shinro Ohtake.

Max Ernst

Max Ernst created narratives using collaged images, I think this could be interesting to use in my narrative collages as it actually looks like its printed.


Max Ernst narrative collages

Martha Rosler

Martha Rosler creates a series of collaged scenes which suggests a narrative.

These collages are from the series, House Beautiful: Bringing the War Home (c.1967- 72). I especially like the collage Cleaning the Drapes as I think the images gel together very well. The collage series was created during the Vietnam war and so the collages are of Vietnamese citizens and images of affluent Americans from the pages of House Beautiful.

Shinro Ohtake

This scrapbook style collage is interesting as it looks quite random, but it is a scrapbook so has narrative behind it.  I am also drawn to the bright colours, it reminds me of my daily collages.Screen Shot 2017-11-30 at 20.43.12.png



Cut and Paste week 2: Tuesday

Joe Orton and Kenneth Halliwell

Joe Orton and Kenneth Halliwell were a couple and lived in a room collaged completely from history books.

Screen Shot 2017-11-25 at 17.20.31
Joe Orton and Kenneth Halliwell’s collaged bedroom

In 1958, the couple went to the local library and collaged over book covers and pages. They then placed them back in the library. The collaged over 100 books. The pair were eventually found out and were put in jail.

Ray Johnson

Ray Johnson was an artist living in New York. He emerged in the DaDa movement and shadowed Pop Art. Johnson set up the NYC of Correspondence. This was a network of artists who would post work all over the world and add on to the collages, photocopy the collages, add instructions onto the collages for the receiver to follow out, etc. Screen Shot 2017-11-25 at 17.33.16.png



Cut and Paste week 1 Thursday

Max Ernst

Max Ernst was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism.

Max Ernst developed a technique called, Frottage, from drawings made in 1925. Frottage simply means, ‘rubbing’ in French. Ernst was inspired by an old wooden floor, the grains of the planks had become more prominent from the many years of scrubbing. From 1925 onwards, Ernst captured the graining floor planks by putting a sheet of paper on the floor and then rubbing over the top with a soft pencil. The results of the rubbings created weird creatures. Ernst published a collection of these drawings in 1926 titled  Histoire Naturelle (natural history).

Screen Shot 2017-11-27 at 10.16.44
Max Ernst, frottage result

Cut and Paste: level 5 Field: week 1

Collage emerged in the 1900s in Paris by poor artists. Collage literally means ‘to stick’.

In 1834, Victorians were able to print photographs which led to the photographs being stuck together to create artwork.

The first collage artist known is Pablo Picasso with his artwork, The Dream, 1932.

Screen Shot 2017-11-27 at 11.55.59
The Dream, Pablo Picasso, 1932

Pablo Picasso was on of the first collage artists. He was poor at the time and tried out a new controversial technique. Picasso created a painting that sparked different reactions. It has many different angles, The Accordionist, 1911. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were good friends and often their work looked very similar.


Screen Shot 2017-11-18 at 12.18.13
Kurt Schwitters, Opened by Customs, 1937-8

My favourite collage artist is Kurt Schwitters. Kurt Schwitters was a German artist who created collages and lived in Nazi Germany.  As he was a Jew, he had to escape and so travelled to many places, whilst still making collages. These collages interest me as they contain train tickets, packaging from different countries, newspaper cut outs etc, which gives the viewer an insight to where Schwitters had travelled to.



More collage artists.

Hannah Hoch- used paper print outs to create collage

Screen Shot 2017-11-27 at 16.31.21.png

Joan Miro- dropped items to create collage, then painted them

Screen Shot 2017-11-27 at 16.34.51.png

Jennifer Taylor- Installation collage


Formal Assessment

Personal Statement 

I have been influenced by Maria Bartuszová’s, Untitled, 1973. My work explores the nude body, both male and female, sexualities and relationships. I have been looking at maternal bonds between mother and daughter as Bartuszová’s piece has maternal associations. The artwork suggests both male and female body parts. The mash-up of both male and female body parts influenced the idea that the work is relating to transgender people. I have begun researching this idea and have created artwork that looks at male and female body parts. I enjoy making artwork that exposes subjects that aren’t common, and that makes people think. I have been attending life drawing sessions to use as reference for my artwork. I usually work with acrylic paint and canvas, however, I have been using bed sheets to paint on, as I feel they have erotic associations, like Bartuszová’s artwork. The bed sheets also have associations with maternal bonds, like the artwork by Maria Bartuszová. While exploring this piece of work, I am hoping to create some screen prints to widen my skills and materials. My project, in my opinion, has only just scratched the surface of ideas and artworks, which makes me excited to continue with it throughout the year.


  1. Responses made in the Idea’s Lab
  2. Original artwork and my initial thoughts/ ideas  Initial Thoughts About Chosen Artwork
  3. Original artwork and my initial material responses Responding To Chosen Artwork
  4. Development of my own original artworks Development
  5. Post of my own choosing: Changing My Mind


  1. The most influential concepts I have gained from the Key Concept Lectures Influential Key Concepts: Object
  2. A key contextual referance found through research into my initial artwork Jenny Saville
  3. A key contextual referance you have found through research and visiting galleries Louise Bourgeois
  4. Contextual referance found through thinking about the function of ‘studios’ Studio
  5. A contextual post of my own Mona Hatoum