Jenny Saville

Jenny Saville’s artworks, ‘Passage’, 2004 and ‘Matrix’, 1999, are artworks I have found while researching about my chosen artwork.

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Passage, 2004
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Matrix, 1999

These artworks are very honest and brutal depictions of a transitioning transgender person. This is something I am exploring with my chosen artwork by Maria Bartuszová as her sculpture suggests both male and female body parts.

The artwork challenges the norm of traditional, beautiful bodies that are often found in artworks. Saville plays with our connection of how a nude body should look that belongs to a female/ male. She creates artwork that may repulse others, but may be deemed as beautiful to some.

Jenny Saville’s paintings are very thought-provoking and highlights what transgender bodies look like. I feel transgender people are fighting to survive in a world which is ignorant in many ways and will always be bigoted and ignorant in some manner. By pushing it in people’s faces brings attention to the matter, something I admire with Saville’s work and will take inspiration from.

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Louise Bourgeois

Louise Bourgeois was a French-American artist. She explored a variety of themes over the course of her long career including domesticity and the family, sexuality and the body, as well as death and the subconscious. I recently visited her work in MoMA, NYC.

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Maria Bartuszová, Untitled, 1973. “The work carries both maternal and erotic associations… an example of the way in which the artist created abstract shapes which suggest rather than represent the body”

I find Bourgeois’ work similar to the artwork I have chosen as Bourgeois explores maternal associations and the female/ male body. Artworks such as ‘Maternal Man’, 2008, shown below are especially interesting and similar to the Bartuszová’s description of her work, Untitled, 1973.

The painting below, ‘Untitled’, 1965, reminds me of the original artwork I chose as the repetition of the breasts are similar to the sculpture by Bartuszová. Screen Shot 2017-10-24 at 19.31.59

The artworks shown below, ‘Nos. 11-14 from the installations À l’lnfini (To Infinity), 2008. The artworks are full of flowing marks, babies in amniotic sacs, female figures and embracing couples. For me, this work has strong similarities to the meaning behind Bartuszová’s sculpture.

Bourgeois is an important artist to me as she creates work through mediums I work with, I also think her work relates to modern life and it is interesting to see how she deals with sexuality and the human body through art.

Key Concept: Exhibition

What can we learn from the history of the exhibition?

An exhibition is:

  • making public
  • an argument
  • temporary

What can we learn from the history of the exhibition?

  • Secularisation: the role of the market
  • The Salon du Louvre, Academie Royale
  • The Royal Academy, 1809- competition from attention, space, position

Education

The Royal Academy, Manet: Portraying Life, 2013

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There are quotes and texts on the walls to educate about the ideas behind the works as well as catalogues, booklets, audio guides/multimedia and DVDs to help viewers understand the work.

  1. An exhibition is making public; therefore it is a social ritual, the viewer (the other) is part of the exhibition from the start, it is a form of theatre Screen Shot 2017-11-06 at 17.26.31.png
  2. An exhibition is an argument; a set of claims, therefore arrangement determines significance, objects are evidence Screen Shot 2017-11-06 at 17.24.55.png
  3. An exhibition is temporary; therefore it is an event, any statement it makes is always provisional and can always be revised. It is never the final wordScreen Shot 2017-11-06 at 17.27.19.png

What is the future of the exhibition? 

Is the physical exhibition redundant?

Virtual exhibitions? The viewer always wants to see the artwork physically after seeing it on the internet

 

Tutorial Studio Visit

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Combover Jo, the robot Paul created and shows in exhibitions

I visited my tutors studio near Chapter to get an insight of how Paul Granjon works and what type of work he creates.

When I walked into his studio I immediately got the impression that Paul works with electrics as I spotted the wires around the place and on tables creating small mechanisms. There were also lots of speakers which suggested sound is important. Boxes with labels were stacked on shelves and dotted around the place.

While at the studio, Paul went into detail about how he started creating robots and what he did to get his work noticed. We discussed upcoming exhibitions and works from past exhibitions. It was important to talk about career paths after university and interesting to talk about how Paul makes his money as a lecturer and from working in the studio.

I definitely still want to be a secondary school teacher when I leave university, however, I’ve learnt a lot from this insight into a studio working environment and earning from creating artwork for commisions.

Key Concept: Participation

Throughout the lesson, we learnt about some artists who use participation as part of their artwork.

 

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Andy Warhol, Do It Yourself- Flowers, 1962

Andy Warhol, Do It Yourself- Flowers, suggests that it is inviting people to finish off the piece of artwork.

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Yoko Ono, Cut Piece, 1965

Yoko Ono, Cut Piece, 1965 invited people to cut parts of her dress off, she instructed the public which created the artwork.

Lygia Clark created a series of sculptures called Bichos, 1965, and invited the public to come and change the shape of the sculpture.

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Marina Abramovic, The Artist is Present, 2010

Marina Abramovic sat and gazed at public who came and sat in the chair opposite. She had rules of not being able to talk or touch the person opposite.

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Janet Cardiff and George Bures Miller, The City of Forking Paths, 2014

The City of Forking Paths, 2014, instructs the person who is participating to listen and follow the instructions with earphones and watch the video to see the city through a video and in real life. It  allows the person involved to see the city through different eyes swell as their own.

Site Situation Key Concept

What is Site Specific Art?

Site Specific art pioneered in the late 1950s to mid 1960s. It was a result of the boom of art movements in that era.

Site Specific art started off as a de-contextualisation of the museum space.

Architecture

The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings: schools of architecture and design’.

An example of architecture within art is the work by Andre Stitt, Nostalgia, 2005. Stitt built a small replica of the Berlin wall for people to walk around. Stitt also performed in the installation and created work that was inspired by political issues.

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Andre Stitt, Nostalgia, 2005

 

Social Space

A social space is physical or virtual space such as a social centre, online social media or other gathering places where people meet and interact.

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Hi Red Centre, street cleaning action, Tokyo 1964

This piece of art shows the people of Tokyo scrubbing the streets to make a statement on the pollution in Japan at the time.

Activism

The use of direct, often confrontational action, such as a demonstration or strike, in opposition to or support of a cause.

Communal Monumental 

Of or relating to a community. Of, belonging to, or shared by the people of a community; public.

Example: Joseph Beuys, 7000 Oaks, 1982. Joseph Beuys planted 7000 Oaks around Kassel, Germany, in 1982. This completely changed the city as there wasn’t many trees or nature there and invited the community to help plant and  look after the trees.

 

London Visit (October 4th)

I choose an artwork for the brief over the next year, myself and a few friends decided to go to London.  We visited: The Saatchi Gallery, Tate Modern, The White Cube and The National Gallery.

A few pieces interested me but I have 3 in mind that I will explore and research to find out if they are suitable for the brief.

One artwork I was drawn to was Josh Faught’s, Untitled (I), from BE BOLD For What You Stand For, BE CAREFUL For What You Fall For, 2013. The colours and the scale really brought me in, also the items that had been sewn into the tapestry where very random. At the time I did not know the meaning. The work is aimed at the ‘queer community’. I enjoy making work to make other people aware of subjects, so this could be a possible artwork. 

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Josh Faught, Untitled (I), from BE BOLD For What You Stand For, BE CAREFUL For What You Fall For
2013

 

I’m also interested in Maria Bartuszová’s piece, ‘Untitled’, 1973. The artwork is made from plaster and carries both with maternal and erotic associations. The work suggests a body rather than represent one. The human body has always been a fascination to me and I feel this piece could simulate my work throughout year 2.

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Maria Bartuszová, Untitled, 1973

At Tate Modern I saw a voice and sculpture/ installation piece by Otobong Nkanga. The installation reflects on contemporary anxieties and suggests how people gather in a crowd. The ropes suggest the networks in today’s society. The concrete balls can also weigh up to 600 kg, so it also implies the impossibility of moving forward alone. The idea behind the work was what appealed to me, I think it is an intriguing way to display a crowd and the anxiety that comes with it for some people. IMG_2027

Now I have to narrow my decisions down to one artwork.