Ambiguous Structure No.92, 1969, Jean- Pierre Yvaral
Ambiguous Structure No.92, 1969, was made using acrylic paint on a square board. It is an abstract painting made up of geometrical shapes using blues, greys, red and orange tones. Yvaral arranges these colours in a way which creates a three dimensional effect, like an optical illusion.
The three dimensional effect makes the flat painting look like it protrudes out to make a sculpture. The painting seems to come from the centre due to the lighter colour. This is an important piece of work to look at during ‘Light is Colour’ as it is inspiring to create screen prints that look like an illusion and create paper sculptures that are intriguing and complex like the painting shown above.
Here are some examples of the prints we were making. We used very bright paper and bright paint. I think the prints look very effective and were very easy to do.
The next stage was to create a sculpture using the prints individually. I wanted to make a piece where I cut through some areas and layered the paper on top of each other to see through to the other print and colours.
I don’t think this worked very well and the colours looked very dark. I decided it would be interesting and a better way to show light and more of a sculpture by putting the paper into a cylinder. This is such a simple way to show the properties of paper and what it can do.
These were only maquette’s so they are very basic and not very complicated. I wanted to show the inside of the tubes by using prints and cutting areas out of the crosshatched circles. If I was to develop this idea, I think I would look at creating a lampshade using this type of cutting out.
This lab workshop looks at colours and how they are made. First of all we looked at primary colours, what happens when you mix primary colours together and complimentary colours. We then mixed together a primary colour with it’s complimentary colour using acrylic paints to create a new colour. Lastly, we mixed all three primary colours, red, blue and yellow together to create a dark, almost black colour. We will mix the colours together with binder to screen print with later.
To create our screen print, in a group of 3, we made shapes and cut them out using scalpels and scissors. These will be layed out and exposed to our screen. Here are some examples of the shapes we cut out.
After we had prepared our screen with emulsion and it had dried, we exposed the shapes onto it. We decided to go with a circular theme in our work. Here are the screens before being exposed.
They were exposed for 2 minutes, washed out and then pre exposed for 3 minutes.
Once exposed, we used tape to tape up the areas on the mesh that were not hardened by the emulsion and to neaten up any areas that were exposed.
Here are some of our paints ready to print with.
The 2 screens were used, we would print the one design onto coloured paper and then print the second screen onto it once it was dry.
I like the spiral wheels as they remind me of fireworks, however, I dont like the circles and lines and square of circles as I dont think it works very well together.
If I were to do this workshop again, I would think hard about the way we could display the shapes and make them much more delicate and less blocky.
Identity- shared with others, relying on sameness.
Identity and social media.
What does Facebook do? Connects people through visual creativity, sharing information, representation of self through selfies, we see what people choose to post.
During the lesson, we was asked to take a selfie and upload it to this post to show that it is a representation of ourselves.
Group work: Consider what Lawler says about identity.
What do you think she means by:
Binaries: organising society into a box, e.g. men, women, black, white. Binaries suggests power, men are seen to be more dominant than women. Labelled, fits into society. However, there are pros and cons of labelling people and categorising them into a certain ‘box’ of society, people fall into a certain category when they are more than that.
Homosexual/ heterosexual: Gay. Men who are attracted to women, women who are attracted to men.
Life Cycle Identity
Baby- hard to tell gender of baby. Very gender specific colours on baby clothing to identify.
Elderly person- pigment comes from hair, skin gets darker, tend to look at an older person in a way where we don’t categorize someones gender because we see them as just an elderly person or group of elderly people.
Identity changes throughout life.
Baby- looks the same
Adult- identity of self
Elderly person- begin to look the same as other elderly people again
Gender is the main sorce of identity. Begins when babies are born, names are ‘gendered’.
Society is ordered into gender, eg. Public toilets.
Identity is not fixed, however, babies and elderly have sense of fixed identity
Identity is embodied
Identity is a way in which we ‘read’ and judge and know people
Sexually is mostly fixed
Gender is not fixed and is a cultural consruct
Hegemony-the dominant social position of men, and the subordinate social position of women.
Binary- the classification of sex and gender into two distinct, opposite and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine. Gender binary is one general type of a gender system.
Heternormativity- a belief that people fall into distinct and complementary genders (man and woman) with natural roles in life. It assumes that hetrosexuality is the ‘norm’.
While creating the drawings of silhouettes and shadows, there was a layering theme that looked very abstract. When creating the 3D collage, myself and my group looked at the artist Ben Nicholson. The work looked very much like his still lives which was interesting to see.
Our paper collage and 3D collage is shown below.
The still life by Ben Nicholson called ‘1945 (still life)’, 1945, has similarities to our collage as there are elements of layering, it’s very spacious and abstract in places. The darker colours help define the objects that are grouped together, the colours are quite subtle but has areas of brighter colour like red and yellow. I really like small amounts of colour and would like to experiment with this task again to add colour to the collage.
The 3D collage we made as a follow-up from the paper collage was very spacious, but everything had a relevance. When making a clay version of the 3D collage we made a very clustered work which did not represent the work in our collage.
We decided to downsize some of the forms from the larger clay sculpture. We took elements from the first clay work and collage which we thought worked best.
My group was told about the artist, Anne Gibbs. This was the inspiration for the work shown above.
Anne Gibbs visited Philadelphia and St. Fagan, this was the inspiration for the work above.
The work is very spacious and small, everything seems to have a place and the colours compliment each other very well. I think there are similarities in Gibbs’ work and our sculpture as they both have the simple slab of clay to hold the sculptures and everything is neatly placed.
As we created the collage, the next step was to create a ceramic representation of it.
We tried to create the elements of the microscope and the tape in clay form, the theme for our work was simply just still life. I think we have captured the still life in areas, such as the coiled arch and the circles. We created rectangles which was supposed to be the plug pronges. The little hut shaped was also meant to be the plug, but mimicking the shape of its shadow when projected.
The finished piece is shown below.
There is a lot of overlapping on this piece to suggest the layering in the paper collage. The piece at the back which was made by adding lots of clay and pinching it together was meant to represent the light reflections throug the glass jars from the projector.
Personally, I dont think it fits well with the rest of the piece and think it looks quite messy. The whole piece of work is very cluttered and I feel, as a group, we did not portray the collage very well. We will make another piece of work that will hopefully show the collage in a more clearer way.
Second Clay Work
After researching Anne Gibbs and going back to the collage to look for inspiration, we are going to make something new. The aim is to capture some parts of the first piece, the parts we thought worked the best.
We will make the plug prongs, the tape and something that features coils as it best represents the microscope arch and layers going backwards on the collage.
The finished work is a massive improvment from the first piece. The items on the clay slab all represent something from the still life but have all evolved into a different shape/ object. I like the rings the most as the light can travel through them. The other idea was to make different shapes and sizes within the work which would create an interesting still life of shadows if we was to project light onto it.
To improve, I think the group could have made more shapes like the rings which allow light to be able to be apart of the piece more.
During the Field module, I will be working in different labs and disciplines over four weeks.
Silhouetted Still Lives
The first lab workshop I have been inducted into is Silhouetted Still Lives. To begin, I have been put into groups where we will look at still lives and light using lamps and projectors.
The still life is shown above. My group and I played around with objects to put into the still life to create different shapes and shadows.
We then drew over the shadows, and turned the page onto its side and upside down. We used pencils and charcoal, creating an outline on some shadows and blocking in shadows to create a contrast between shading and a simple outline of the shadow.
The final collage of shadows and outlines looks like this.
I really like the shapes in the collage and how some areas are very dark and some with just a simple line. It is difficult to tell what the shapes are but I think the shapes that they have made create a different, more intriguing shape.
The next step was to create a 3D collage based on the shadows collage. We wanted to take shapes from the collage and apply them to the 3D sculpture.
We wanted to apply 3D elements that stood out to the viewer, but also get further away from the viewer. The image above was inspired by the stand on a microscope. The arches are layered to create depth.
This was the end result of the collage. I like how spacious it is and how we have used parts of the drawings from the original collage. My favourite part of the collage is the circles inspired by the tape we used in the still life, I think the circles layered on top of each other look like a chain.