Fanzines emerged in the 1950’s and are based on one specific topic. For example, a magazine could look at music in general, however, a fanzine might look at one genre of music such as jazz.
The task for this week is to create a fanzine using one piece of paper, and collage on the pages. The collage I created in my fanzine was random, as I will now post it to my partner in the class to collage on top of my artwork. We will post our fanzines back to the person who created them and won’t open them until the next field lesson. This is a fun collaborative task to get to know people from other disciplines in art.
I then created a larger fanzine that will be based on my subject work. Here is the beginning of my fanzine. As the fanzine will be based on my work from subject, I will be using the shapes of the body and how mark making could create a body like shape. This could be created by using frottage. I will also incorporate maternal bonds in the fanzine by looking at the relationship between mother and daughter.
Joe Orton and Kenneth Halliwell were a couple and lived in a room collaged completely from history books.
In 1958, the couple went to the local library and collaged over book covers and pages. They then placed them back in the library. The collaged over 100 books. The pair were eventually found out and were put in jail.
Ray Johnson was an artist living in New York. He emerged in the DaDa movement and shadowed Pop Art. Johnson set up the NYC of Correspondence. This was a network of artists who would post work all over the world and add on to the collages, photocopy the collages, add instructions onto the collages for the receiver to follow out, etc.
I have been trying to keep up with the one a day collages. Here is an update on the collages, I have missed a few days but I am pleased with how many I have created.
I enjoy creating the collages everyday as it’s a nice way to start or end the day. I am going to create more collages by drawing as I haven’t drawn a lot. I would also like to start making a few collages that relate to my subject, however, I like the freedom of creating them randomly.
Today I created a stencil out of paper by griding up a pattern and cutting it out with a knife and cutting mat. I chose irregular circle shapes as this connects to my subject work, looking at the forms of a body and relationships between a mother and daughter. This will be used to cut out shapes from images while collaging.
In the afternoon, I learnt about Max Ernst and his new technique, frottage. I then had a go at frontage myself, using paper, a soft pencil and an oil pastel. I went around the studios finding textures to rub over. The stencil I cut out earlier today worked well to rub over and create a repetitive shape.
The task was to create an image using the rubbings. I had random shapes that didn’t really fit into anything. I found a lot of crosses in the rubbings, so this become the theme of the piece of work.
I think next time I use this technique I will try to find more relatable textures. I would also like to go back and rework this piece of artwork, maybe add more colour or more of a background.
Max Ernst was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of the Dada movement and Surrealism.
Max Ernst developed a technique called, Frottage, from drawings made in 1925. Frottage simply means, ‘rubbing’ in French. Ernst was inspired by an old wooden floor, the grains of the planks had become more prominent from the many years of scrubbing. From 1925 onwards, Ernst captured the graining floor planks by putting a sheet of paper on the floor and then rubbing over the top with a soft pencil. The results of the rubbings created weird creatures. Ernst published a collection of these drawings in 1926 titled Histoire Naturelle (natural history).
As part of the project, cut and paste, one of the tasks is to create a small pocket sized collage a day. It doesn’t have to be a piece of work that takes ages to complete, and can be a piece of work that is complete in minutes. This task will hopefully better my collage technique and at the end of the project I will have 5 weeks worth of daily collages.
Collage emerged in the 1900s in Paris by poor artists. Collage literally means ‘to stick’.
In 1834, Victorians were able to print photographs which led to the photographs being stuck together to create artwork.
The first collage artist known is Pablo Picasso with his artwork, The Dream, 1932.
Pablo Picasso was on of the first collage artists. He was poor at the time and tried out a new controversial technique. Picasso created a painting that sparked different reactions. It has many different angles, The Accordionist, 1911. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were good friends and often their work looked very similar.
Pablo Picasso, The Accordionist, 1911
Georges Braque, Le Portugais, 1911
My favourite collage artist is Kurt Schwitters. Kurt Schwitters was a German artist who created collages and lived in Nazi Germany. As he was a Jew, he had to escape and so travelled to many places, whilst still making collages. These collages interest me as they contain train tickets, packaging from different countries, newspaper cut outs etc, which gives the viewer an insight to where Schwitters had travelled to.
More collage artists.
Hannah Hoch- used paper print outs to create collage
Joan Miro- dropped items to create collage, then painted them